Lightning network: The Lightning Network extends Bitcoin with payment channels to increase transaction speed and lower costs. It is becoming widely adopted and accepted as the preferred way to scale Bitcoin.
Payment: A payment is a transaction that occurs over the Lightning network. Payments are routed through Lightning payment channels and are not recorded in the Bitcoin blockchain.
Transaction: A transaction is a transfer of value over the Bitcoin network. While transactions can be complicated, one of the simplest forms of a transaction would be sending bitcoin from one address to another. A transaction is not considered final until it has been included in a valid block by a miner.
Web3.js: web3.js is a collection of libraries that allow you to interact with a local or remote ethereum node using HTTP, IPC or WebSocket.
WebLN provider: Providers are classes that implement the interface provided in WebLN Reference